Small, pretty and hidden between cliffs they are bathed by some of the most turquoise waters you’ll ever see.
Types of species you will spot diving in the Balearic Islands
The Balearic Islands are one of the favorite places for diving enthusiasts, as the seabed surrounding the islands is rich in species and underwater landscapes. To immerse in its crystalline waters illuminated by the sun is a unique experience in which you have to keep your eyes wide open as you never know which species you´ll come across next. It can be from a turtle to a shark.
There is a complex world underwater where you can find ecosystems more diverse than those found on the surface. Factors such as light, water temperature, depth or currents create different backgrounds in every corner, making sure every immersion will be unique.
In the Balearic Islands you’ll find shallow bottoms all around the island, less 200 meters deep, rising to 800 or even 1,000 meters in more distant areas. The soils are characterized by being, generally, rocky and sandy. Although, of course, there is no shortage of beautiful Posidonia meadows or coral reefs neither.
One of the most important areas of the Islands is the Menorca Channel, the water space between Menorca and Mallorca, which has been recognized as a Place of Community Importance (LIC). More than 1,600 different species have been spotted there, 58 of them protected nowadays. That is the case of brown algae, silly turtle and numerous cetaceans, amongst others. Some other highlights are its coral bottom or an area with dense clusters of natural sponges near Formentor.
We have made this list to help you identify the species you´ll find in the Balearic Island’s sea. Pay attention, because many of them will probably feature in your logbook.
A long, sharp fish with dark lines that can grow quite large (over a meter in some cases). It´s basically a predator that feeds on small fish, crustaceans and cephalopods.
In the most common turtle in the Balearic waters for being the only one that breeds in the Mediterranean. Its shell is brown, and the animal can weigh as much as 200 kilos and exceed the meter in length. Unfortunately, it is an endangered species. If you are lucky enough to see it, make sure to respect it.
Yes, this species of shark is also found in the Mediterranean. It´s believed to be the females the ones that mainly visit our coasts to give birth in the month of July. Although this species is able to submerge as deep as 900 meters, it usually hunts between 3 and 25 meters, where its main source of food is concentrated. In any case, it’s worth mentioning that the probability of suffering a white shark attack is surprisingly small. On the Spanish Mediterranean coast there have been only two shark attacks in the last 400 years, and they didn´t cause any death.
It is a large, gray fish, with no scales and whitish belly. It can reach 3 meters in length but its usual size is 1.5 meters. It usually lives on sandy and rocky bottoms and remains hidden between rocks during daytime.
It´s very eye-catching, since its body looks like a rock and is covered by thorns. It hides in the sand or in rocky areas to go unnoticed. If you want to spot it, your best chance will be to go between 15 and 70 meters deep, because that’s where it hunts –mainly fish and crustaceans-.
It´s considered one of the most beautiful fishes in all the Mediterranean, mainly for its beautiful colors. It´s found in rocky beds and Posidonia meadows, around 150 meters deep. It´s about 25 centimeters long.
A silver, oval shaped fish, found in shallow sandy seabed. It can be usually spotted in large groups, near the surface. Don’t even try to grab them, they are very fast swimmers!
It´s easily recognizable by its yellow lines. It lives in shallow rocky bottoms where green algae grow. It creates banks of up to 60 individuals and they swim perfectly synchronized.
Ready for the dive? Now is the perfect time to enjoy all the beautiful –and surprising- species that inhabit the rich seabed of the Balearic Islands.